假如你是李华,想邀请你的外教Andre一起参加学校教师节庆祝会。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:1.时间和地点;2.庆祝会内容。

注意:

1.词数 100 左右;

2.词汇:国际化 internationalization;

3。可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把余外的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1。 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只答应修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last Friday, I was standing near a subway exit, tried to call a taxi. But no luck. Then I thought of the taxi-booking app my friend had recommended and I booked a taxi through his cellphone. Soon it came, and I stepped in, feeling pretty proudly of my high-tech way and satisfied with the convenience brought by the app. So later, I was upset to find that the driver was busy looking his cellphone to get the next order. It was just then when I began to worry about my safety. What’s bad, the driver’s informations might be unreliable. How can we passengers’ legal rights be protecting if something bad happens? So be careful when you use the taxi-booking app the next time.

 

One day a teacher asked her students to list the names of the other students in the room on two sheets of paper, 1.(leave) a space between each name.Then she told them to think of the nicest thing2.they could say about each of their classmates and write it down.3。took the rest of the class some time to finish the work,and then each handed in the4.(sheet).

That Saturday,the teacher wrote down the name of each student on a separate sheet of paper,and listed what everyone else5.(say) about that person.6。Monday she gave each student his or her list。Before long,the entire class was smiling。“Really?” she heard their whisper。“I never7。(know) that I meant anything to anyone!” No one ever mentioned those papers in class again.She never knew8.they discussed them after class or with their parents, but it didn’t matter。The exercise had achieved its purpose。

Several years9.(late),all her students started to gather around。One of them,Vicki,reached into her pocket,took out her wallet and showed her10。(wear) list to the group.“I carry this with me at all times.I think we all saved our lists.”That’s when the teacher finally sat down and cried.

 

Many years ago, I was working in an office in Halifax, Nova Scotia. We had large ________ that look out over a busy street。 I was standing by one of those windows one day when a woman in a ________ car looked up and made eye contact. Naturally I _______. As she turned and tried to identify me, a quiet laugh_________my lips. My co-workers began taking an interest, and stood back watching the _________ I received, and laughing happily. Then the stress of work was _________ away.

Christmas approached, and job ________ were announced. Several of my co-workers were losing their jobs, and everyone was _________. While I was working a night shift, a red jacket , a box of foam packing and strips of tape in the corner caught my __________。 They could be Santa’s jacket and beard! Then I folded a red file into a hat and tied the _________ to it. With the red jacket , a Santa’s Costume appeared.

The next day I walked _______down into the office in the costume. My co-workers ________around me and laughed for the first time in weeks。 Suddenly, my boss came to me, _______, shook his head and then left. I feared________. Then the phone rang.

With a bead of sweat __________ my forehead, I entered the boss’ office 。 _________, he laughed: “Thanks, Mike! It’s been hard to enjoy the Christmas season。 Thanks for the laugh。 I _________it.”

That evening, I stood ______ by the window and waved at my fans, with my heart ________ with joy。 For a few minutes of that day, we’d been able to forget our __________.

1。A. balcony    B. windows    C。 roof    D. curtain

2.A. working    B. wandering    C. passing    D. following

3。A。 waved    B。 welcomed    C. shouted    D. shook

4。A。 obtained    B. locked    C. grasped    D. escaped

5。A。 concerns    B. feelings    C。 responses    D. actions

6。A。 given    B. turned    C。 washed    D. put

7.A. loads    B。 time    C. arrangement    D. cuts

8。A. depressed    B. excited    C。 confused    D. awkward

9.A。 notice    B. attention    C. appreciation    D. consideration

10.A. jacket    B. tie    C. vest    D. beard

11.A. sadly    B。 nervously    C. embarrassedly    D. bravely

12.A。 got    B. gathered    C. turned    D。 presented

13.A。 approached    B. backed off    C. stepped in    D. paused

14。A。 responsibility    B. difficulty    C. trouble    D. mistake

15.A. pulling    B. rolling down    C. flowing    D. moving on

16.A. lastly    B. Thus    C。 Instead    D。 However

17。A。 needed    B。 claimed    C. declared    D. shared

18。A. proudly    B. carefully    C. hopefully    D. silently

19。A。 filled    B. covered    C。 equipped    D. loaded

20。A. weakness    B. faults    C。 losses    D。 changes

 

Asking for a raise can be a discouraging prospect for any employee.  1. If you’re a female employee seeking a raise, it matters to approach that conversation strategically. Here are a few tips for pulling it off successfully.

Do your research.

2. So if you’re making a case for a pay increase, you’ll need to gather some data on what others in similar positions are earning. To that end, do some research on sites like Salary.com. 3. Remember to collect the average earnings for all workers in your position and make your case for why you deserve to be paid similarly.

Don’t get emotional.

Women are often accused of getting emotional on the job。 In fact, it’s that so-called sensitive nature that causes some people to claim they’re uncomfortable working with and promoting female employees。 That’s why it’s extremely important to keep you cool during a salary negotiation。 Be specific and present hard evidence of your value to the company。 Try to focus on your positive contributions, rather than the negative feelings。 And although the discussion might get heated, be sure not to yell or, worse yet, cry while it’s going down。 4。

5。

Given many news stories about how men out-earn women, you may tend to draw on some of that data as a reason for getting a raise. But be very careful about using that argument, because unless you have definitive proof that your male colleagues - with the same exact titles, experience, and responsibilities — are making more money than you, you’re better off avoiding that angle.

A. Don’t accuse your employer.

B。 Staying calm will only help your case。

C. Take advantage of how much men colleagues earn.

D. It’s never a good idea to go into a salary negotiation blindly.

E. You are often paid less salary than your workmates in similar positions.

F。 But women face unique challenges when it comes to requesting more money。

G。 They allow you to search for compensation info based on industry and geographic region。

 

Procter & Gamble (P&G), one of the world’s biggest marketers, has announced a change in the way it buys advertising on Facebook. It has started cutting its spend on highly targeted ads and increasing its spend on ads that address much larger numbers of the potential audiences for its brands, which include Tide, Pampers and Gillette. Explaining this change of emphasis, P&G’s global brand building officer, Marc Pritchard, said, “We targeted too much, and went too narrow.”

Facebook’s astonishing income growth comes, in part, from its ability to deliver micro-targeted audiences(推送精准目标受众)to advertisers, and P&G in fact admits that it has wasted millions of dollars in the misguided pursuit of effectiveness.

Facebook used to be irresistible to advertisers. It presents advertisers this question: Instead of sending your message to millions in a television ad, why not use data to reach only those you need to reach? But as many people may have noticed, making perfectly targeted ads appears to be much harder than it sounds. Most digital ads are easily ignored. Information about consumers is not the same as insight into human beings.

The more fundamental problem with micro-targeting is that for big brands, advertising has never really been about messages—even brand owners have never quite realized it. It is about the creation of shared memories, triggered at the point of purchase. Think about some of the great brands: Nike, Apple, and yes, Pampers. If you buy them, it is because you know millions of others do, and because they seem to stand for something that, far from being unique to you, is common to all of us: achievement, creativity, and nurturing. The broader these brands go, the better they do.

When a consumer reaches for something on the shelf, they usually reach for the familiar. To achieve that status, a brand needs to have done something that lots of people regularly see, notice and enjoy. What seemed to be the wastefulness of TV was in fact its secret sauce. By reaching large numbers of people at the same time, TV ads had the power to turn brands into cultural icons, which took up consumers’ minds.

In its conversations with advertisers, Facebook now talks less about targeting, preferring to emphasize the large number of consumers that it can help brands to reach. It is investing in video functions and is encouraging its clients to make short films. After years of telling clients TV is wasteful, it is now doing a good job of imitating it.

1。Which of the following contributes to P&G’s strategy change?

A. The rise of digital media.    B。 The high cost of targeted ads。

C。 The limitations of micro-targeting.    D. The reduction of targeted advertising.

2.It can be learned that Facebook has already ________.

A。 stopped delivering micro-targeted audience to advertisers

B。 been faced with the challenge of slowing income growth

C。 been blamed for its ineffective ads

D. lost its attraction towards P&G

3.According to Paragraph 4, micro-targeting is problematic with ________。

A. delivering messages    B。 building common values

C. creating unique experiences    D. triggering the purchasing desire

4.What’s the author’s attitude towards Facebook’s opinion about TV ads?

A。 Tolerance.    B. Approval.    C。 Doubt.    D. Hesitancy。

 

Scientists around the world are striving for effective detection of cancer in the early stages,which is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body,and a Chinese scientist may have found a quick way of knowing whether malignant tumors(恶性肿瘤)exist in a patient's body,with just one drop of blood。

Malignant tumors in early phases can be cured.However,it's extremely difficult to be aware of cancer in its early stages,as patients don't show obvious symptoms and thus it can only be found in its later stages,which is already too late,so to detect cancer early remains a global challenge for scientists.

Back in 1989,scientists have found a kind of heat shock proteins (HSP),named Hsp90α,which existed in human bodies and can be used as a cancer biomarker detection kit.Scientists around the globe have been working on it since then,and more than 10,000 journals have been published on accredited magazines,yet no one has actually turned their research results into medical products.

However,Luo Yongzhang and his team in Tsinghua University's School of Life Sciences in Beijing seemed to have cracked the code,after working on the problem since 2009。The team has produced an artificial Hsp90α protein for clinical use that gains structural stability by regrouping proteins。The test kit can diagnose multiple kinds of cancer by analyzing a drop of human blood。This means they are able to "create" the protein,in any quantity,and at any time they wish to。

The kit has since been used in clinical trials involving 2,347 patients at eight hospitals in China。It was the first clinical trial in the world to test if the protein could be a useful tumor biomarker for lung cancer,and it succeeded。 Now,the kit has been approved to enter the Chinese and European markets,24 years after Hsp90α was discovered。

1.Why is cancer hard to cure?

A。 Malignant tumors are found too late.

B. Malignant tumors spread too quickly。

C. Its symptoms are shown in early stages.

D。 No proper treatment can be applied to it。

2.What do we learn about Hsp90α from Paragraph 3?

A. It was created by scientists in 1989.

B. All magazines have covered the topic。

C. There has been a medical product about it.

D. It can serve as a cancer detection approach。

3.How does the Chinese kit diagnose cancer?

A. By regrouping proteins。

B。 By cracking cancer’s code.

C. By breaking down one drop of blood.

D。 By producing an artificial Hsp90α protein.

4。It can be inferred that a European with lung cancer in early phases .

A。 can’t be cured in the end

B。 can be diagnosed with it in time

C. has to be examined in China

D。 expects the kit to come into the market

 

I drove a taxi for extra money east of Toronto thirty years ago. Each time a taxi drove up to the front of the Greenwood Racetrack, a group of local kids would run along the sidewalk angling for position by the passenger door. One lucky kid, or rather, the most aggressive one, would open the passenger door and say “Good luck, Mister!” The man getting out of the cab would vaguely say thanks and throw the kid a quarter. It was a routine everybody knew.

Throughout the summer, one kid caught my eye。 He was bigger than most of all the other kids but pushed away by even the smallest。 He never made it but never gave up。 One day, his chance arrived。 As I was pulling up to the sidewalk, all the kids were pushing for a cab just ahead of mine。 The boy saw me and walked toward my taxi。 As I positioned the passenger door right beside him, he never paused and opened the passenger door, warmly saying, “Good luck, Mister!”

But the man neither said thanks nor flipped him a quarter. He pushed him aside so hard that the boy fell on the sidewalk. I knew it hurt him badly. I got out in less than 10 seconds, but the man was gone in the crowd. So I looked for the kid. I decided to give him $20 for the effort. By the time I spotted him he was far up ahead, walking away in the opposite direction through the crowd and his head hanging down. When I got the cab turned around I lost sight of him. I never saw him again. I’d like to find him one day and tell him that if only he had stuck around a little longer I would have given him a whole $20.

I learned from this kid that when things seem so hopeless that you are ready to give up, it’s the time when things are most likely to turn around for you.

1。What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. The passenger was ready to give a tip to the kid.

B. The author was a professional taxi driver at that time.

C. The lucky child was the toughest among the local kids.

D。 The driver would work with and benefit from those children。

2。Why did the kid never succeed in opening the passenger door?

A. He was modest。    B. He was the shortest.

C。 He made no effort。    D。 He pushed his way。

3.Why did the author get out of his taxi?

A. To catch up with the kid。

B。 To encourage the disappointed kid.

C. To give the kid some money.

D。 To intend to demand the tip for the kid.

4.According to the passage, which goes with the author’s intention?

A. Never give in to difficulties.    B. Sunshine comes after a storm.

C. Face up to competitions.    D。 Each road leads to Rome.

 

To improve Chinese on our campus, several programs will be organized. Here is some information.

Language Partner Program

The aim of this program is to promote Chinese language study for American students, through this program, native speakers of Chinese can help our Chinese language students, who can help students or scholars from China with their English in exchange。 If interested, please contact Yuan Lu, yuan-lu-2@uiowa。edu

The Chinese Corner

The Chinese Corner is a non-threatening, pleasant place for faculty and students who want to practice their oral Chinese. Learners of all levels are welcome to join, since we have topics suitable for each level. At the Chinese Corner, you can make friends with Chinese students and exchange opinions on cultural issues. You will surely learn something new every time you come! We welcome whoever wants to speak Chinese.

Contact person: Bo Sun, bo-sun@uiowa.edu

The Chinese Host Family Program

The purpose of this program is to help our American students to gain first-hand experience of Chinese culture, lifestyle, customs, and conventions through establishing friendship relations with Chinese families. Students who join this program will be invited by their Chinese host family to join their family activities on a regular basis. Please sign up for this program.

Cross-University Chinese Language Performance Competition

This competition gives students in and outside of Iowa a great opportunity to show their oral Chinese proficiency as well as their talent in performing。 As many as four universities have participated in the competition, including The University of Iowa。 Each university presents a set of programs, and then participants are awarded prizes at an awards ceremony。

Mid-Autumn Festival Celebration

The Chinese Program hosts an annual celebration for the Mid-Autumn Festival. We invite all students and faculty members to join our party. You will meet Chang’e, the goddess of the Moon, learn a beautiful Chinese legendary story and taste moon cakes as well as other Chinese food. If you know some Chinese characters, you may win a prize! Come and join us!

For more, please see the Flyer.

1.If you have difficulty with English, what will you probably do?

A. Attend the Mid-autumn Festival celebration.

B. Go to the Chinese Corner。

C. Participate in Language Partner Program.

D. Contact a Chinese host family。

2。If you would like to display your spoken Chinese, which will you sign up for?

A。 Chinese Language Performance Competition.    B. The Chinese Corner.

C。 The Chinese Host Family Program。    D。 Language Partner Program.

3.The passage is intended for ________.

A. American senior high students    B。 American university students

C. Chinese senior high students    D. Chinese university Students

 

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

1.When is the talk probably given?

A. In late spring.    B. In late summer.    C. In early autumn.

2。What are people advised to do to keep their suitcases safe while travelling?

A. Take big suitcases。    B。 Use safety locks.    C. Use plain suitcases。

3。What can people do for their children when travelling with them?

A. Buy a small bag for them。

B。 Keep them away from sweets.

C. Let them pack a few toys themselves。

4.What does the speaker recommend sending to people at home?

A。 Letters。    B. Photographs.    C. Postcards.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.How is the woman helping the man?

A. By using a map.    B. By showing him around.    C。 By asking another ibrarin for help.

2.Where is the Training Room?

A. Opposite the Quiet Room.    B. Opposite the Service Desk。    C. Next to the Help Desk。

3.What does the woman remind the man  to do?

A. Turn off mobile  phones in the QuietRoom.

B. Enter the library through the front door.

C. Avoid going into the Training Room.

4.What books does the man need?

A. History books.    B. Biology books.    C. Geography books.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1。What day is it today?

A. Friday.    B. Wednesday.    C。 Monday.

2.How much will the man pay for the seats he chooses?

A. £60。    B. £50.    C. £40.

3。How will the man pay?

A. In cash.    B. By check.    C. By credit card。

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1。When will the man run the 400-metre race?

A。 On the first day.    B. On the second day。    C。 On the third day.

2.What is the man's hope for the future?

A。 To increase the distance that he can run。

B。 To see his name on the newspapers.

C. To be recognized in public。

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.How many times has the man been to Morocco?

A. Once。    B. Twice.    C。 Three times.

2.How will the man and his wife probably travel?

A. By plane.    B. By ship.    C. By coach.

 

What are the two speakers mainly talking  about?

A. A professor.    B。 A plan.    C. A report.

 

What will the man probably use?

A。 A paper fan.    B. An electric fan。    C. An air conditioner。

 

What does the woman think the man should do?

A. Get some rest。    B. Pick up the kids.    C. Go home by himself.

 

How long is the library open on Saturday?

A. For three hours 。    B. For six hours.    C。 For nine hours。

 

Where is the man from?

A. Mexico。    B. Spain。    C. Germany.

 

假设你是高二学生李华,你的表弟王林即将要上高中。请你给他写一封邮件告诉他如何尽快地适用高中生活以及如何与新同学相处融洽等。

注意:1。 词数100左右;

2。 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3。 信的开头以为你拟好,不计入总词数。

Dear Wang lin,

I’m glad to know that you are going to be a senior high school student this September.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

该文中共有十处错误每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把余外的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2、只答应修改十处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

I feel betray by my friend Hannah. On Monday, we had a surprise math quiz. I must have sounded very proud of me after the quiz, saying what easy it was. The next day after class, my math teacher told me that I had lowest grade in the class. I was very upset that I felt like crying. I thought that Hannah should have told my classmates about my grade after promise not to. I was so angry that I went straight to Hannah and told her we weren’t going to be friends any more because she couldn’t keep her words. She was really upset and swore that she hasn’t told anyone,but I didn’t believe her explanation. I don’t think I can ever truly forgive to her.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式

As an old English saying goes,“Honesty is the best policy.” It is more than an old cliche(陈词滥调),but    1. good way to live your life.

First,honesty is the 2.(easy) choice that we can make.When people get caught in lies,it always costs them something.Many relationships are destroyed by lies.

Second,honesty gives us much 3。(free). Many people believe that being honest limits them in life,but that is not true.Sooner or later those dishonest people 4.(pay) a price for their acts;on the contrary,when we are honest,we are 5。(true) free.

If there were two people 6.(stand) before you,a person with a record of being honest and a person 7。  is known to be dishonest,who would you be more likely 8.(believe)?I'm sure most people would side with the honest person. 9.    we live in the truth or we live in lies.Truth sets us free and lies leave us in nothing but more troubles.Honesty is a choice that we make each day.The choice is 10.(you).What will you choose?

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

“Paul must have been trying to carry his waste paper to garbage can and dropped a few pieces.” I____, picking them up____later I found more pieces. No quiet sighing this time. I____,“Who is throwing garbage?” No answer。 Instead, I saw more bits of paper____floating down from upstairs。 Looking up, I saw my seven-year-old son, Paul。

“Stop making a mess。” “It’s not a mess。 They’re____” “Sorry, what did you say?” I hadn’t heard him clearly.

He didn’t answer me. Paul has autism (自闭症) and____answers a question, especially when he’s____attentively on something else. He ran down the stairs. “Where are my other butterflies?” he asked,_____around。 Every time Paul____five or more words together, my heart says a_____of thanks。 But lately he seems to____that the benefits of forming complete sentences when communicating are____of the effort。

Butterflies。 Of course。 I rushed to____them from the garbage,_____them off and handed them to my young artist。 “Want to see them_____again?” he asked with a shy smile. “Oh yes! They’re beautiful.” I whispered. He ran back upstairs to float his_____down again. They really did look like beautiful butterflies.

That day Paul_____me to look up at____instead of down at garbage. How many other masterpieces (杰作) do I miss because I’m too caught up in my_____to take time to appreciate what’s right in front of me?_____is not what happens to us. It’s how we look at it. Now, I look up.

1.A。 laughed    B。 sighed    C。 amazed    D。 shouted

2.A。 Days    B。 Years    C。 Moments    D。 Weeks

3.A. called out    B. turned up    C. got in    D. added to

4.A. angrily    B. silently    C. loudly    D. peacefully

5。A. planes    B. papers    C. leaves    D. butterflies

6.A. rarely    B. frequently    C. willingly    D. eagerly

7.A。 devoted    B。 depended    C。 focused    D。 addicted

8.A. showing    B. looking    C. playing    D. drawing

9.A. spells    B. puts    C. pushes    D. accumulates

10.A. sound    B. remark    C. report    D. prayer

11.A。 refuse    B。 hear    C。 mind    D。 realize

12.A. worthy    B. aware    C. fond    D. typical

13。A. hide    B. destroy    C. rescue    D. remove

14.A. tore    B. dusted    C. cut    D. seized

15.A。 throw    B。 flow    C。 land    D。 fly

16。A. masterpieces    B. schoolwork    C. inventions    D. imagination

17.A。 reminded    B。 forced    C。 intended    D。 permitted

18。A. mistakes    B. weaknesses    C. beauty    D. scenery

19.A。 amusement    B。 housework    C。 communication    D。 homework

20.A。 Happiness    B。 Failure    C。 Success    D。 Life

 

You often find somebody who works around you complaining all the time, don’t you?1. About 70% of Americans say being around nonstop complainers sometimes has a bad influence on them. Luckily, here are 4 tips to help form positive patterns.

1. Self-awareness

When a negative thought pops into your mind, immediately correct it。 Instead of telling yourself “That’s a nice shirt, but I can’t afford it,” change the message to “That will look great with my black pants when I can afford it。” 2.

Of course, everyone complains sometimes. But the less frequently you complain, the better you will feel.

2. Distance yourself

3。 Excuse yourself and go somewhere quiet, somewhere outdoors in the fresh air。 Think of something pleasant before returning。 You have to take this seriously because negative people can and will pull you into the quicksand (困境).

3。 Don’t try to change complainers

If you find yourself trapped in a group of complainers in a meeting or at a social event, simply choose silence. Let their words bounce (弹起) off you while you think of something else. Attempting to stop the complaining can make you a target. 4. If someone says, “I hate Mondays, weekends are too short,” try to think, “I’m glad I rested up over the weekend, so I’m ready to make some improvement on that big project.”

4. 5。

When someone is shouting at you angrily, throw the responsibility back at them by asking, “So what do you intend to do about it?” In most cases, complainers don’t really want a solution. They just want to speak them out. If you make them aware that they themselves have to find the solutions, they will leave you alone and find someone else to complain to. If so, you will be happy.

A. Find solutions

B。 Change responsibility

C。 You have got a lot of company。

D. By doing this, it will lead to positive behaviors.

E. But you can redirect the discussion in your own mind.

F. You will never know what they are going to talk about.

G. Whenever possible, escape from negative conversations.

 

Telemedicine is the name for when doctors give advice to patients by telephone or the Internet, or when health care providers in rural areas connect with specialists in big cities。

Telemedicine has existed for a long time, but the rise of smart phones, tablets and webcam-equipped computers is raising telemedicine to new levels. Some health care systems in the United States now offer Virtual Urgent Care, patients see a doctor by video chat without having to leave home.

Diana Rae is a nurse educator in the western state of Washington. She recently showed how Virtual Urgent Care works. She used an iPad tablet and skype — the video chat service.

Doctor Green has the patient describe her symptoms, then the doctor performs a physical exam by demonstrating what he wants her to do。 Doctor Green decides that the problem is a silence infection。 For medicine, he prescribes an antibiotic。 He says about 3 out of 4 patients have health problems that can be treated like this —through Virtual Urgent Care, that means a video chat could replace a visit to the doctor's office。

The Franciscan Health System is based in Tacoma, Washington. Franciscan charges $35 for this kind of virtual house call, that is much less than the cost of going to an emergency room, a doctor's office or an urgent care clinic.

After trying the video conference, Diana Rae says, “I would've paid twice that for the convenience of getting taken care of without having to sit in a waiting room, wait, and get exposed to everyone else's germs.”

Franciscan has a deal with a company called Carena to add virtual urgent care by Skype or phone. Carena is one of several companies doing this kind of work around the country. But a company official says state rules have not kept progress with developments in telemedicine. The workers who provide virtual urgent care must be separately licensed in each state where the company does business. For now, that means Carena doctors can treat patients in Washington state and California for example, but not in neighboring Oregon or Idaho.

1。The second paragraph is mainly used to show ________.

A。 why telemedicine becomes popular    B. the advantages of telemedicine

C. what telemedicine is    D. many factors contribute to telemedicine

2.Doctor Green decides that the problem is a silence infection ________.

A. through his observation of the patient    B. through a careful examination

C. by prescribing an antibiotic    D。 by knowing what he wants her to do

3.The major health problems, in Doctor Green’s opinion, _________.

A. are tough to deal with    B. can be treated through a video chat

C. should result from work pressure    D. nearly cost little to recover

4.By mentioning what Diana Rae says, the author wants to show _________。

A。 he finds it convenient to see a doctor by using a video chat

B。 he sings high praise for this kind of treatment form

C. he must be tired of waiting too long in the hospital

D. it should be very unhealthy while staying in hospital

 

As computers become more popular in China, Chinese people are increasingly depending on computer keyboards to input Chinese characters. But if they use the computer too much, they may end up forgetting the exact strokes of each Chinese character when writing on paper. Experts suggest people, especially students, write by hand more.

Do you write by hand more or type more? In Beijing, students start using a computer as early as primary school. And computer dependence is more widely spread among university students. Almost all their assignment and essays are typed on a computer.

All the students interviewed say they usually use a computer。

It’s faster and easier to correct if using a computer. And that’s why computers are being applied more and more often to modern education. But when people are taking stock in computers increasingly, problems appear。

“When I’m writing with a pen, I find I often can’t remember how to write a character, though I feel I’m familiar with it.”

“I’m not in the mood to write when faced with a pen and paper.”

Many students don’t feel this is something to worry about。 Now that it’s more convenient and efficient to write on a computer, why bother to handwrite?

Many educators think differently。 Shi Liwei, headmaster of a famous primary school in the capital said, “Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic value。 But those characters typed with computer keyboards only maintain their practical value。 All the artistic beauty of the characters is lost。 And handwriting contains the writer’s emotion。 Through one’s handwriting, people can get to know one’s thinking and personality。 Beautiful writing will give people a better first impression of them。”

To encourage students to handwrite more, many primary schools in Beijing have made writing classes compulsory(必修的) and in universities, some professors are asking students to turn in their homework and essays written by hand.

1。The underlined expression “taking stock in” in paragraph 4 probably means ________.

A. getting bored with    B。 getting dependent on

C. becoming crazy about    D. getting curious about

2.The students interviewed prefer to write using a computer mainly because ________.

A. they can correct the mistakes they make quickly and conveniently

B。 they are usually asked to e-mail their homework and essays

C. they find it not easy to remember how to write a character

D。 computers have become a trend and fashion in China

3.Which of the following statement is NOT true of the advantage of handwriting?

A. Handwriting contains the writer’s emotions.

B。 Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic value.

C。 Handwriting can impress people well and build one’s self-confidence.

D. The writer’s thinking and personality are shown in his or her handwriting。

4。Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?

A. To Type or to Handwrite

B. The Importance of Handwriting and Typing

C. Writing by Computer Will Replace Writing by Hand

D. Practical and Aesthetic Value of Chinese Characters

 

Heat might explain why we lost our fur and now strike an upright and slim pose(姿势).

If our ancestors lived somewhere really hot, the theory goes, it would have made sense for us to lose body hair, start sweating more, become slender(修长的) and even walk upright—to create distance between our bodies and the hot ground.

A new study supports the theory that heat helped drive human evolution(进化), by showing that a key source of human evolution in East Africa has indeed been really hot for at least four million years.

“It’s something that’s been hard to get at,” said Ben Passey, a geochemist(地球化学家) at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. “It’s nice to say that these body features would be advantageous to live in hot and open environments. But was it actually hot and open?”

To find out, Passey and his colleagues analyzed dated soil examples from the Turkana Basin, a well-studied region in Kenya and Ethiopia that contains lots of fossils(化石) from our human and pre-human ancestors。 In particular, they looked at weighted carbon and oxygen atoms, called isotopes(同位素).

Their results, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, showed that dirt in the Turkana Basin has remained above about 85 degrees Fahrenheit with spikes(尖状物) above 95 degrees Fahrenheit over the past four million years. Since soil absorbs heat from the air, it means that the region has been really hot for a really long time.

“There is no question that the results are fascinating,” said Harvard anthropologist(人类学家), Daniel Lieberman, who studies how and why the human body looks the way it does。

For one thing, at some point we developed a unique ability to control our body temperature while running, which might have helped people catch prey(猎物) in hot and dry conditions。 “The hotter it is, the more humans have an advantage over other mammals, especially when running。”

“No one knows for sure when we lost our fur,” he added. “But this paper provides strong evidence that the right climatic conditions were present for a long time.”

1.What is the main idea of the text?

A. Heat made humans lose their fur.    B. Heat caused humans to walk upright.

C. Heat helped the evolution of humans.    D. Heat affected the height of our ancestors.

2。The main aim of Passey’s study is to find out__________。

A. why Africa is suitable for humans to live in

B. how many types of fossils there are in the Turkana Basin

C. what the climatic conditions were like four million years ago

D。 whether East Africa is the key source of human evolution

3.According to Daniel Lieberman, ___________.

A. the result of Passey’s study is not satisfactory

B. controlling the body temperature helped catch prey

C。 a hot climate was not helpful for human evolution

D。 humans ran faster than other animals in winter

4。Which of the following statements about East Africa is TRUE?

A。 The high temperature in this area has been stable for a long time。

B. It was one of the toughest places for human ancestors to bear。

C。 Few people studied the Tukana Basin before Passey.

D. The soil has remained over 95 degrees F for a long time。

 

Have you ever heard the saying “All roads lead to Rome”? At one time, this was pretty much true. During the Roman Empire, lots of roads were built in order to move armies, send messages by courier (信使), and make trade easier.

The network of Roman roads was begun in 312 BC. It was demanded that the roads be built strong so that they would not fall down. Roman soldiers, supervised (监督) by engineers, laid down the roads in a special pattern of layers。 There were all together 4 layers, which was made of different materials, such as sand, rocks, stones and so on。

Also, Roman roads were cambered (拱形)。 This means that they were built higher in the middle than on the edges, allowing rainwater to run off, which prevented flooding。 We use the same technique in building roads today。 The Romans also laid out roads over hills when necessary, setting them down in a zigzag (之字形的) pattern to make the road rise gradually.

All Roman roads had milestones (里程碑), placed every thousand paces (a Roman mile). The milestones told when the road was built, who was emperor at the time, the road’s destination, how far the traveler was from the destination, and how many miles had been traveled since the beginning of the road. This information was a great help to travelers.

Because of their excellence in construction, it really is no surprise that many parts of Roman road still exist today. These roadways are one of the most impressive achievements of the Roman Empire.

1.The following description about Roman roads is true EXCEPT ________.

A. Roman roads were built by the Roman soldiers directed by the engineers

B. Roman roads could prevent flooding using the technique we don’t use today

C。 Roman roads had milestones that were placed every Roman mile

D. Roman roads still exist today as an impressive achievement of Roman Empire

2。What information can you find on the milestones?

A. The builders of the road.    B。 The materials used in building roads。

C. The distance from one city。    D。 The time spent in building roads.

3。The passage mainly ________.

A. explains the saying “All roads lead to Rome”

B。 praises ancient Romans for their great achievements

C。 shows how great the Roman Empire was

D. introduces the construction of the Roman roads

 

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

1.Which is the closest to the hotel?

A. Papa Romano's Restaurant.    B. The Hollywood Theater.    C. Gatewood Park。

2。Where can a tourist catch a bus easily?

A。 At City Center Subway Station.

B. At Town Square Shopping Mall.

C。 In front of the post office.

3.Why is the hotel a good choice for tourists?

A。 Because of its food.    B. Because of its location.    C。 Because of its service。

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Take a survey.    B. Tell her his personality。    C。 Design a questionnaire.

2。What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Strangers。    B。 Friends。    C. Doctor and patient。

3.What kind of person is Jeffrey according to the survey?

A. Impatient and creative.    B. Outgoing and talkative。    C. Lazy and patient.

 

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